PLN to SGD Rate Chart

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PLN Popular Exchange Rates(today)

Exchange Rate Last day
PLN to GBP rate 0.19194 ▼ 0.1919
PLN to EUR rate 0.2236 ▲ 0.2235
PLN to AUD rate 0.35886 ▼ 0.3592
PLN to CAD rate 0.3215 ▼ 0.3222
PLN to USD rate 0.24093 ▼ 0.241
PLN to NZD rate 0.39519 ▼ 0.3954
PLN to TRY rate 5.66359 ▲ 5.6735
PLN to DKK rate 1.66639 ▲ 1.6655
PLN to AED rate 0.88421 ▼ 0.8853
PLN to NOK rate 2.60772 ▼ 2.6289
PLN to SEK rate 2.60115 ▼ 2.6046
PLN to CHF rate 0.21665 ▼ 0.2167
PLN to JPY rate 33.6102 ▲ 33.503
PLN to HKD rate 1.8886 ▼ 1.8889
PLN to MXN rate 4.18103 ▼ 4.1906
PLN to SGD rate 0.32338 ▼ 0.3237
PLN to ZAR rate 4.54111 ▼ 4.5459

Economic indicators of Poland and Singapore

Indicator Poland Singapore
Private Consumption 431,207
Mil. PLN, NSA, Quarterly; 2022 Q4
50,044
Mil. SGD, NSA, Quarterly; 2023 Q1
Nominal GDP 873,852
Mil. PLN, NSA, Quarterly; 2022 Q4
158,132
Mil. SGD, NSA, Quarterly; 2023 Q1
Investment 249,310
Mil. PLN, NSA, Quarterly; 2022 Q4
132,830,300,000
SGD, Annual; 2022
Real GDP 558,777
Mil. Ch. 2015 PLN, NSA, Quarterly; 2022 Q2
129,771
Mil. Ch. 2015 SGD, NSA, Quarterly; 2023 Q1
Consumer Price Index (CPI) 248.4
1998=100, NSA, Monthly; Apr 2023
112.67
Index 2019=100, NSA, Monthly; Apr 2023
Producer Price Index (PPI) 99.3
Previous month=100, NSA, Monthly; Apr 2023
108.23
Index 2018=100, NSA, Monthly; Apr 2023
Unemployment Rate 5.2
Percent, NSA, Monthly; Apr 2023
1.8
%, SA, Quarterly; 2023 Q1
Exports of Goods 31,421
Mil. USD, NSA, Monthly; Mar 2023
178,485
Mil. SGD, NSA, Quarterly; 2023 Q1
Imports of Goods 32,070
Mil. USD, NSA, Monthly; Mar 2023
132,348
Mil. SGD, NSA, Quarterly; 2023 Q1
Net Exports 13,230
Mil. PLN, NSA, Quarterly; 2022 Q2
54,043
Mil. SGD, NSA, Quarterly; 2023 Q1
Lending Rate 6.75
% p.a., NSA, Daily; 31 May 2023
5.25
% p.a., NSA, Monthly; Jun 2021
House Price Index 171.89
Index 2010=100, SA, Quarterly; 2022 Q4
194.8
Index 2009Q1=100, NSA, Quarterly; 2023 Q1
Retail Sales 92.7
Index corr. per. prv. yr. = 100, NSA, Monthly; Apr 2023
98.18
Index 2017=100, SA, Monthly; Apr 2023
Consumer Confidence -13.2
SA, Monthly; Apr 2023
-
Real Private Consumption - 45,757
Mil. Ch. 2015 SGD, NSA, Quarterly; 2023 Q1

PLN to SGD Historical Rates(table)

Date Open Highest Lowest Close
PLN to SGD (2023-06-09) 0.3233 0.3237 0.3238 0.3231
PLN to SGD (2023-06-08) 0.3233 0.3216 0.3239 0.3206
PLN to SGD (2023-06-07) 0.3215 0.3222 0.3231 0.3210
PLN to SGD (2023-06-06) 0.3219 0.3230 0.3234 0.3205
PLN to SGD (2023-06-05) 0.3229 0.3220 0.3234 0.3211
PLN to SGD (2023-06-02) 0.3216 0.3210 0.3228 0.3201
PLN to SGD (2023-06-01) 0.3207 0.3192 0.3211 0.3179
PLN to SGD (2023-05-31) 0.3191 0.3195 0.3200 0.3178
PLN to SGD (2023-05-30) 0.3193 0.3207 0.3214 0.3189
PLN to SGD (2023-05-29) 0.3204 0.3202 0.3217 0.3198
PLN to SGD (2023-05-26) 0.3198 0.3225 0.3231 0.3192
PLN to SGD (2023-05-25) 0.3221 0.3219 0.3228 0.3212
PLN to SGD (2023-05-24) 0.3216 0.3234 0.3246 0.3214
PLN to SGD (2023-05-23) 0.3232 0.3234 0.3242 0.3216
PLN to SGD (2023-05-22) 0.3232 0.3204 0.3237 0.3197
PLN to SGD (2023-05-19) 0.3199 0.3193 0.3223 0.3187
PLN to SGD (2023-05-18) 0.3191 0.3218 0.3225 0.3187
PLN to SGD (2023-05-17) 0.3215 0.3246 0.3253 0.3210
PLN to SGD (2023-05-16) 0.3244 0.3227 0.3248 0.3220
PLN to SGD (2023-05-15) 0.3225 0.3212 0.3232 0.3209
PLN to SGD (2023-05-12) 0.3211 0.3202 0.3221 0.3196
PLN to SGD (2023-05-11) 0.3201 0.3221 0.3224 0.3196
PLN to SGD (2023-05-10) 0.3219 0.3197 0.3225 0.3191
PLN to SGD (2023-05-09) 0.3195 0.3196 0.3201 0.3178

PLN to SGD Handy Conversion

1 PLN = 0.324 SGD
2 PLN = 0.647 SGD
3 PLN = 0.971 SGD
4 PLN = 1.294 SGD
5 PLN = 1.618 SGD
6 PLN = 1.941 SGD
7 PLN = 2.265 SGD
8 PLN = 2.588 SGD
9 PLN = 2.912 SGD
10 PLN = 3.235 SGD
15 PLN = 4.853 SGD
20 PLN = 6.47 SGD
25 PLN = 8.088 SGD
50 PLN = 16.175 SGD
100 PLN = 32.35 SGD
200 PLN = 64.7 SGD
250 PLN = 80.875 SGD
500 PLN = 161.75 SGD
750 PLN = 242.625 SGD
1000 PLN = 323.5 SGD
1500 PLN = 485.25 SGD
2000 PLN = 647 SGD
5000 PLN = 1617.5 SGD
10000 PLN = 3235 SGD

Comparison between Poland and Singapore

Background comparison between [Poland] and [Singapore]

Poland Singapore

Poland's history as a state began near the middle of the 10th century. By the mid-16th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ruled a vast tract of land in Central and Eastern Europe. During the 18th century, internal disorders weakened the nation, and in a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland among themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force with over 10 million members. Free elections in 1989 and 1990 won Solidarity control of the parliament and the presidency, bringing the communist era to a close. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed and with large investments in defense, energy, and other infrastructure, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.

A Malay trading port known as Temasek existed on the island of Singapore by the 14th century. The settlement changed hands several times in the ensuing centuries and was eventually burned in the 17th century and fell into obscurity. The British founded Singapore as a trading colony on the site in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but was ousted two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.

Geography comparison between [Poland] and [Singapore]

Poland Singapore
Location

Central Europe, east of Germany

Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia

Geographic coordinates

52 00 N, 20 00 E

1 22 N, 103 48 E

Map references

Europe

Southeast Asia

Area

total: 312,685 sq km

land: 304,255 sq km

water: 8,430 sq km

country comparison to the world: 71

total: 719.2 sq km

land: 709.2 sq km

water: 10 sq km

country comparison to the world: 192

Land boundaries

total: 3,071 km

border countries (7): Belarus 418 km, Czech Republic 796 km, Germany 467 km, Lithuania 104 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 210 km, Slovakia 541 km, Ukraine 535 km

0 km

Coastline

440 km

193 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: defined by international treaties

territorial sea: 3 nm

exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practice

Climate

temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers

tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - northeastern monsoon (December to March) and southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms

Terrain

mostly flat plain; mountains along southern border

lowlying, gently undulating central plateau

Elevation

mean elevation: 173 m

elevation extremes: lowest point: near Raczki Elblaskie -2 m

highest point: Rysy 2,499 m

mean elevation: NA

elevation extremes: lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m

highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m

Natural resources

coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land

fish, deepwater ports

Land use

agricultural land: 48.2%

arable land 36.2%; permanent crops 1.3%; permanent pasture 10.7%

forest: 30.6%

other: 21.2% (2011 est.)

agricultural land: 1%

arable land 0.9%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 0%

forest: 3.3%

other: 95.7% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land

970 sq km (2012)

0 sq km (2012)

Population - distribution

population concentrated in the southern area around Krakow and the central area around Warsaw and Lodz, with an extension to the northern coastal city of Gdansk

most of the urbanization is along the southern coast, with relatively dense population clusters found in the central areas

Natural hazards

flooding

flash floods

Environment - current issues

decreased emphasis on heavy industry and increased environmental concern by post-communist governments has improved environment; air pollution remains serious because of emissions from coal-fired power plants and the resulting acid rain has caused forest damage; water pollution from industrial and municipal sources is also a problem, as is disposal of hazardous wastes

industrial pollution; limited natural freshwater resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia

Environment - international agreements

party to: Air Pollution, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note

historically, an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain

focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes; consists of about 60 islands, by far the largest of which is Pulau Ujong; land reclamation has removed many former islands and created a number of new ones

Area - comparative -

slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

People comparison between [Poland] and [Singapore]

Poland Singapore
Population

38,476,269 (July 2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 36

5,888,926 (July 2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 113

Nationality

noun: Pole(s)

adjective: Polish

noun: Singaporean(s)

adjective: Singapore

Ethnic groups

Polish 96.9%, Silesian 1.1%, German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 1.7%

note: represents ethnicity declared first (2011 est.)

Chinese 74.3%, Malay 13.4%, Indian 9%, other 3.2%

note: individuals self-identify; the population is divided into four categories: Chinese, Malay (includes Malays and Indonesians), Indian (includes Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, or Sri Lankan), and other ethnic groups (includes Eurasians, Caucasians, Japanese, Filipino, Vietnamese (2017 est.)

Languages

Polish (official) 98.2%, Silesian 1.4%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.3%

note: data represents the language spoken at home; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census; Poland ratified the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in 2009 recognizing Kashub as a regional language, Czech, Hebrew, Yiddish, Belarusian, Lithuanian, German, Armenian, Russian, Slovak, and Ukrainian as national minority languages, and Karaim, Lemko, Romani (Polska Roma and Bergitka Roma), and Tatar as ethnic minority languages (2011 est.)

English (official) 36.9%, Mandarin (official) 34.9%, other Chinese dialects (includes Hokkien, Cantonese, Teochew) 12.2%, Malay (official) 10.7%, Tamil (official) 3.3%, other 2%

note:: data represent language most frequently spoken at home (2015 est.)

Religions

Catholic 87.2% (includes Roman Catholic 86.9% and Greek Catholic, Armenian Catholic, and Byzantine-Slavic Catholic .3%), Orthodox 1.3% (almost all are Polish Autocephalous Orthodox), Protestant 0.4% (mainly Augsburg Evangelical and Pentacostal), other 0.4% (includes Jehovah's Witness, Buddhist, Hare Krishna, Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Muslim, Jewish, Mormon), unspecified 10.8% (2012 est.)

Buddhist 33.2%, Christian 18.8%, Muslim 14%, Taoist 10%, Hindu 5%, other 0.6%, none 18.5% (2015 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 43.9

youth dependency ratio: 21.4

elderly dependency ratio: 22.5

potential support ratio: 4.5 (2015 est.)

total dependency ratio: 37.3

youth dependency ratio: 21.3

elderly dependency ratio: 16

potential support ratio: 6.2 (2015 est.)

Median age

total: 40.7 years

male: 39 years

female: 42.4 years (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 47

total: 34.6 years

male: 34.5 years

female: 34.7 years (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 84

Population growth rate

-0.13% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 206

1.82% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 57

Birth rate

9.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 202

8.6 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 214

Death rate

10.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 33

3.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 217

Net migration rate

-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 118

13.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 5

Population distribution

population concentrated in the southern area around Krakow and the central area around Warsaw and Lodz, with an extension to the northern coastal city of Gdansk

most of the urbanization is along the southern coast, with relatively dense population clusters found in the central areas

Urbanization

urban population: 60.5% of total population (2017)

rate of urbanization: 0.02% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

urban population: 100% of total population (2017)

rate of urbanization: 1.5% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major urban areas - population

WARSAW (capital) 1.722 million; Krakow 760,000 (2015)

SINGAPORE (capital) 5.619 million (2015)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female

total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2017 est.)

at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 0.97 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female

total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2017 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

27.4 years (2014 est.)

30.5 years

median age (2015 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio

3 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 182

10 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 148

Infant mortality rate

total: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 182

total: 2.4 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 2.6 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 2.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 222

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 77.8 years

male: 73.9 years

female: 81.8 years (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 67

total population: 85.2 years

male: 82.6 years

female: 88.1 years (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 3

Total fertility rate

1.35 children born/woman (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 215

0.83 children born/woman (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 224

Health expenditures

6.4% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 97

4.9% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 144

Physicians density

2.29 physicians/1,000 population (2015)

2.28 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

Hospital bed density

6.5 beds/1,000 population (2013)

2.4 beds/1,000 population (2015)

Drinking water source

improved:

urban: 99.3% of population

rural: 96.9% of population

total: 98.3% of population

unimproved:

urban: 0.7% of population

rural: 3.1% of population

total: 1.7% of population (2015 est.)

improved:

urban: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved:

urban: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access

improved:

urban: 97.5% of population

rural: 96.7% of population

total: 97.2% of population

unimproved:

urban: 2.5% of population

rural: 3.3% of population

total: 2.8% of population (2015 est.)

improved:

urban: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved:

urban: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

NA

NA

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

NA

NA

HIV/AIDS - deaths

NA

NA

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: intermediate

vectorborne disease: tickborne encephalitis (2016)

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

23.1% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 69

6.1% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 170

Education expenditures

4.9% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 65

2.9% of GDP (2013)

country comparison to the world: 140

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99.8%

male: 99.9%

female: 99.7% (2015 est.)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97%

male: 98.7%

female: 98.2% (2016 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 16 years

male: 16 years

female: 17 years (2013)

total: 13 years

male: 13 years

female: 13 years (2009)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 20.8%

male: 20.7%

female: 20.9% (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 62

total: 6.6%

male: 5.6%

female: 7.7% (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 142

Government comparison between [Poland] and [Singapore]

Poland Singapore
Country name

conventional long form: Republic of Poland

conventional short form: Poland

local long form: Rzeczpospolita Polska

local short form: Polska

etymology: name derives from the Polanians, a west Slavic tribe that united several surrounding Slavic groups (9th-10th centuries A.D.) and who passed on their name to the country; the name of the tribe likely comes from the Slavic "pole" (field or plain), indicating the flat nature of their country

conventional long form: Republic of Singapore

conventional short form: Singapore

local long form: Republic of Singapore

local short form: Singapore

etymology: name derives from the Sanskrit words "singa" (lion) and "pura" (city) to describe the city-state's leonine symbol

Government type

parliamentary republic

parliamentary republic

Capital

name: Warsaw

geographic coordinates: 52 15 N, 21 00 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

name: Singapore

geographic coordinates: 1 17 N, 103 51 E

time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions

16 provinces (wojewodztwa, singular - wojewodztwo); Dolnoslaskie (Lower Silesia), Kujawsko-Pomorskie (Kuyavia-Pomerania), Lodzkie (Lodz), Lubelskie (Lublin), Lubuskie (Lubusz), Malopolskie (Lesser Poland), Mazowieckie (Masovia), Opolskie (Opole), Podkarpackie (Subcarpathia), Podlaskie, Pomorskie (Pomerania), Slaskie (Silesia), Swietokrzyskie (Holy Cross), Warminsko-Mazurskie (Warmia-Masuria), Wielkopolskie (Greater Poland), Zachodniopomorskie (West Pomerania)

none

Independence

11 November 1918 (republic proclaimed); notable earlier dates: 966 (adoption of Christianity, traditional founding date), 1 July 1569 (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth created)

9 August 1965 (from Malaysian Federation)

National holiday

Constitution Day, 3 May (1791)

National Day, 9 August (1965)

Constitution

history: several previous; latest adopted 2 April 1997, approved by referendum 25 May 1997, effective 17 October 1997

amendments: proposed by at least one-fifth of Sejm deputies, by the Senate, or by the president of the republic; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote in the Sejm and absolute majority vote in the Senate; amendments to articles relating to sovereignty, personal freedoms, and constitutional amendment procedures also require passage by majority vote in a referendum; amended 2006, 2009, 2015 (2016)

history: several previous; latest adopted 22 December 1965

amendments: proposed by Parliament; passage requires two-thirds majority vote in the second and third readings by the elected Parliament membership and assent by the president of the republic; passage of amendments affecting constitutional articles on fundamental liberties, the president, or constitutional amendment procedures also requires at least two-thirds majority vote in a referendum; amended many times, last in 2016 (2017)

Legal system

civil law system; judicial review of legislative, administrative, and other governmental acts; constitutional law rulings of the Constitutional Tribunal are final

English common law

International law organization participation

accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt

Citizenship

citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: both parents must be citizens of Poland

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years

citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Singapore

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years

Suffrage

18 years of age; universal

21 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch

chief of state: President Andrzej DUDA (since 6 August 2015)

head of government: Prime Minister Mateusz MORAWIECKI (since 11 December 2017); Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Culture and National Heritage Piotr GLINSKI (since 16 November 2015), Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Science and Higher Education Jaroslaw GOWIN (since 16 November 2015), Beata SZYDLO, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Social Policy (since 11 December 2017)

cabinet: Council of Ministers proposed by the prime minister, appointed by the president, and approved by the Sejm

elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 10 May 2015 with a second round on 24 May 2015 (next to be held in May 2020); prime minister, deputy prime ministers, and Council of Ministers appointed by the president and confirmed by the Sejm

election results: Andrzej DUDA elected president in second round; percent of vote - Andrzej DUDA (independent) 51.5%, Bronislaw KOMOROWSKI (independent) 48.5%

chief of state: President HALIMAH Yacob (since 14 September 2017); note - President TAN's term ended on 31 August 2017; HALIMAH is Singapore's first female president; the head of the Council of Presidential Advisors, J.Y. PILLAY, served as acting president until HALIMAH was sworn in as president on 14 September 2017

head of government: Prime Minister LEE Hsien Loong (since 12 August 2004); Deputy Prime Ministers TEO Chee Hean (since 1 April 2009) and Tharman SHANMUGARATNAM (since 21 May 2011)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister; Cabinet responsible to Parliament

elections/appointments: president directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a single 6-year term; election last held on 13 September 2017 (next to be held in 2023); following legislative elections, leader of majority party or majority coalition appointed prime minister by president; deputy prime ministers appointed by the president

election results: HALIMAH Yacob was declared president on 13 September 2017, being the only eligible candidate; Tony TAN Keng Yam elected president in the previous contested election on 27 August 2011; percent of vote - Tony TAN Keng Yam (independent) 35.2% , TAN Cheng Bock (independent) 34.9%, TAN Jee Say (independent) 25%, TAN Kin Lian (independent) 4.9%

Legislative branch

description: bicameral legislature consists of the Senate or Senat (100 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms) and the Sejm (460 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by party-list proportional representation vote with a 5% threshold of total votes cast for a party to gain a seat; members serve 4-year terms); note - the designation National Assembly or Zgromadzenie Narodowe is only used on those rare occasions when the 2 houses meet jointly

note: all minorities are exempt from the 5% threshold requirement for seats to the Sejm

elections: Senate - last held on 25 October 2015 (next to be held in October or November 2019); Sejm - last held on 25 October 2015 (next to be held in October or November 2019)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PiS 61, PO 34, PSL 1, independent 4; Sejm - percent of vote by party - PiS 37.6%, PO 24.1%, K15 8.8%, N 7.6%, PSL 5.1% other 16.8%; seats by party - PiS 235, PO 138, K15 42, N 28, PSL 16, German minority 1

description: unicameral Parliament (101 seats; 89 members directly elected by popular vote, up to 9 nominated by a parliamentary selection committee and appointed by the president, and up to 9 but currently 3 non-constituency members from opposition parties to ensure political diversity; members serve 5-year terms)

elections: last held on 11 September 2015 (next to be held in 2020)

election results: percent of vote by party - PAP 69.9%, WP 12.5%, other 17.6%; seats by party - PAP 83, WP 6

Judicial branch

highest court(s): Supreme Court or Sad Najwyzszy (consists of the president of the Supreme Court and 116 justices organized in criminal, civil, labor and social insurance, and military chambers)

judge selection and term of office: president of the Supreme Court nominated by the General Assembly of the Supreme Court and selected by the president of Poland; other judges nominated by the 25-member National Judiciary Council, and appointed by the president of Poland; judges appointed until retirement, usually at age 65, but tenure can be extended

subordinate courts: Constitutional Tribunal; State Tribunal; administrative courts; regional and appellate courts subdivided into military, civil, criminal, labor, and family courts

highest court(s): Supreme Court (although the number varies, as of Feb 2018 it had a total of 21 judges, 7 judicial commissioners, 4 senior judges and 15 international judges; the court is organized into an upper tier Appeal Court and a lower tier High Court)

judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the president from candidates recommended by the prime minister after consultation with the chief justice; lower court judges appointed by the president from candidates recommended by the chief justice; judges usually serve until retirment at age 65 but can be extended; other appointments are for a fixed term

subordinate courts: district, magistrates', juvenile, family, community, and coroners' courts; small claims tribunals; employment claims tribunals

Political parties and leaders

Civic Platform or PO [Grzegorz SCHETYNA]

Democratic Left Alliance or SLD [Wlodzimierz CZARZASTY]

German Minority of Lower Silesia or MNSO [Ryszard GALLA]

Kukiz 15 or K15 [Pawel KUKIZ]

Law and Justice or PiS [Jaroslaw KACZYNSKI]

Liberty (formerly the Coalition for the Renewal of the Republic-Liberty and Hope or KORWiN) [Janusz KORWIN-MIKKE]

Nowoczesna ("Modern") or N [Katarzyna LUBNAUER]

Polish People's Party or PSL [Wladyslaw KOSINIAK-KAMYSZ]

Razem (Together) [collective leadership]

National Solidarity Party or NSP

People's Action Party or PAP [LEE Hsien Loong]

Singapore Democratic Party or SDP [Dr. CHEE Soon Juan]

Workers' Party or WP [Pritam SINGH]

Political pressure groups and leaders

All Poland Trade Union Alliance or OPZZ [Jan GUZ] (trade union)

Independent Self-Governing Trade Union or Solidarity [Piotr DUDA]

Roman Catholic Church [Archbishop Wojciech POLAK, Archbishop Stanislaw GADECKI]

none

International organization participation

Arctic Council (observer), Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CBSS, CD, CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, ESA, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MONUSCO, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

ADB, AOSIS, APEC, Arctic Council (observer), ARF, ASEAN, BIS, C, CP, EAS, FAO, FATF, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OPCW, Pacific Alliance (observer), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the US

chief of mission: Ambassador Piotr Antoni WILCZEK (since 18 January 2017)

chancery: 2640 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 499-1700

FAX: [1] (202) 328-6271

consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York

chief of mission: Ambassador Ashok Kumar MIRPURI (since 30 July 2012)

chancery: 3501 International Place NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 537-3100

FAX: [1] (202) 537-0876

consulate(s) general: San Francisco

consulate(s): New York

Diplomatic representation from the US

chief of mission: Ambassador Paul Wayne JONES (since 7 October 2015)

embassy: Aleje Ujazdowskie 29/31 00-540 Warsaw

mailing address: American Embassy Warsaw, US Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-5010 (pouch)

telephone: [48] (22) 504-2000

FAX: [48] (22) 504-2688

consulate(s) general: Krakow

chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Stephanie SYPTAK-RAMNATH (since 20 January 2017)

embassy: 27 Napier Road, Singapore 258508

mailing address: FPO AP 96507-0001

telephone: [65] 6476-9100

FAX: [65] 6476-9340

Flag description

two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; colors derive from the Polish emblem - a white eagle on a red field

note: similar to the flags of Indonesia and Monaco which are red (top) and white

two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; near the hoist side of the red band, there is a vertical, white crescent (closed portion is toward the hoist side) partially enclosing five white five-pointed stars arranged in a circle; red denotes brotherhood and equality; white signifies purity and virtue; the waxing crescent moon symbolizes a young nation on the ascendancy; the five stars represent the nation's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice, and equality

National symbol(s)

white crowned eagle; national colors: white, red

lion, merlion (mythical half lion-half fish creature), orchid; national colors: red, white

National anthem

name: "Mazurek Dabrowskiego" (Dabrowski's Mazurka)

lyrics/music: Jozef WYBICKI/traditional

note: adopted 1927; the anthem, commonly known as "Jeszcze Polska nie zginela" (Poland Has Not Yet Perished), was written in 1797; the lyrics resonate strongly with Poles because they reflect the numerous occasions in which the nation's lands have been occupied

name: "Majulah Singapura" (Onward Singapore)

lyrics/music: ZUBIR Said

note: adopted 1965; first performed in 1958 at the Victoria Theatre, the anthem is sung only in Malay

Economy comparison between [Poland] and [Singapore]

Poland Singapore
Economy - overview

Poland has the sixth-largest economy in the EU and has long had a reputation as a business-friendly country with largely sound macroeconomic policies. Since 1990, Poland has pursued a policy of economic liberalization. During the 2008-09 economic slowdown Poland was the only EU country to avoid a recession, in part because of the government’s loose fiscal policy combined with a commitment to rein in spending in the medium-term Poland is the largest recipient of EU development funds and their cyclical allocation can significantly impact the rate of economic growth.

The Polish economy performed well during the 2014-17 period, with the real GDP growth rate generally exceeding 3%, in part because of increases in government social spending that have helped to accelerate consumer-driven growth. However, since 2015, Poland has implemented new business restrictions and taxes on foreign-dominated economic sectors, including banking and insurance, energy, and healthcare, that have dampened investor sentiment and has increased the government’s ownership of some firms. The government reduced the retirement age in 2016 and has had mixed success in introducing new taxes and boosting tax compliance to offset the increased costs of social spending programs and relieve upward pressure on the budget deficit. Some credit ratings agencies estimate that Poland during the next few years is at risk of exceeding the EU’s 3%-of-GDP limit on budget deficits, possibly impacting its access to future EU funds. Poland’s economy is projected to perform well in the next few years in part because of an anticipated cyclical increase in the use of its EU development funds and continued, robust household spending.

Poland faces several systemic challenges, which include addressing some of the remaining deficiencies in its road and rail infrastructure, business environment, rigid labor code, commercial court system, government red tape, and burdensome tax system, especially for entrepreneurs. Additional long-term challenges include diversifying Poland’s energy mix, strengthening investments in innovation, research, and development, as well as stemming the outflow of educated young Poles to other EU member states, especially in light of a coming demographic contraction due to emigration, persistently low fertility rates, and the aging of the Solidarity-era baby boom generation.

Singapore has a highly developed and successful free-market economy. It enjoys a remarkably open and corruption-free environment, stable prices, and a per capita GDP higher than that of most developed countries. Unemployment is very low. The economy depends heavily on exports, particularly of electronics, petroleum products, chemicals, medical and optical devices, pharmaceuticals, and on Singapore’s vibrant transportation, business, and financial services sectors.

The economy contracted 0.6% in 2009 as a result of the global financial crisis, but has continued to grow since 2010. Growth from 2012-2017 was slower than during the previous decade, a result of slowing structural growth - as Singapore reached high-income levels - and soft global demand for exports. Growth recovered to 3.6% in 2017 with a strengthening global economy.

The government is attempting to restructure Singapore’s economy to reduce its dependence on foreign labor, raise productivity growth, and increase wages amid slowing labor force growth and an aging population. Singapore has attracted major investments in advanced manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, and medical technology production and will continue efforts to strengthen its position as Southeast Asia's leading financial and technology hub. Singapore is a signatory of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), and a party to the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) negotiations with nine other ASEAN members plus Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea, and New Zealand. In 2015, Singapore formed, with the other ASEAN members, the ASEAN Economic Community.

GDP (purchasing power parity)

$1.111 trillion (2017 est.)

$1.07 trillion (2016 est.)

$1.042 trillion (2015 est.)

note: data are in 2017 dollars

country comparison to the world: 25

$513.7 billion (2017 est.)

$501.1 billion (2016 est.)

$491.3 billion (2015 est.)

note: data are in 2017 dollars

country comparison to the world: 41

GDP (official exchange rate)

$510 billion (2017 est.)

$305.8 billion (2017 est.)

GDP - real growth rate

3.8% (2017 est.)

2.6% (2016 est.)

3.9% (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 78

2.5% (2017 est.)

2% (2016 est.)

1.9% (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 134

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$29,300 (2017 est.)

$28,200 (2016 est.)

$27,400 (2015 est.)

note: data are in 2017 dollars

country comparison to the world: 66

$90,500 (2017 est.)

$89,400 (2016 est.)

$88,800 (2015 est.)

note: data are in 2017 dollars

country comparison to the world: 7

Gross national saving

19% of GDP (2017 est.)

19.4% of GDP (2016 est.)

19.9% of GDP (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 96

45% of GDP (2017 est.)

44.4% of GDP (2016 est.)

44.9% of GDP (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 5

GDP - composition, by end use

household consumption: 58.8%

government consumption: 18.1%

investment in fixed capital: 17.8%

investment in inventories: 0.8%

exports of goods and services: 56.2%

imports of goods and services: -51.8% (2017 est.)

household consumption: 34.7%

government consumption: 11.4%

investment in fixed capital: 23.5%

investment in inventories: 1.9%

exports of goods and services: 179.2%

imports of goods and services: -150.6% (2017 est.)

GDP - composition, by sector of origin

agriculture: 2.4%

industry: 40.2%

services: 64.3% (2017 est.)

agriculture: 0%

industry: 26%

services: 74% (2016 est.)

Agriculture - products

potatoes, fruits, vegetables, wheat; poultry, eggs, pork, dairy

vegetables; poultry, eggs; fish, ornamental fish, orchids

Industries

machine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles

electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, biomedical products, scientific instruments, telecommunication equipment, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, entrepot trade

Industrial production growth rate

4.2% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 64

3% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 101

Labor force

17.6 million (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 37

3.668 million

note: excludes non-residents (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 99

Labor force - by occupation

agriculture: 11.5%

industry: 30.4%

services: 57.6% (2015 est.)

agriculture: 0.96%

industry: 15.5%

services: 83.5%

note: excludes non-residents (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

4.8% (2017 est.)

6.2% (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 65

2.2% (2017 est.)

2.1% (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 18

Population below poverty line

17.6% (2015 est.)

NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: 3%

highest 10%: 23.9% (2015 est.)

lowest 10%: 1.7%

highest 10%: 26% (2016 est.)

Distribution of family income - Gini index

30.8 (2015 est.)

33.7 (2008 est.)

country comparison to the world: 126

45.8 (2016 est.)

46.3 (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 37

Budget

revenues: $90.8 billion

expenditures: $102.2 billion (2017 est.)

revenues: $53.4 billion

expenditures: $56.49 billion

note: expenditures include both operational and development expenditures (2017 est.)

Taxes and other revenues

17.8% of GDP (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 171

17.5% of GDP (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 174

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)

-2.2% of GDP (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 93

-1% of GDP (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 60

Public debt

46.2% of GDP (2017 est.)

48.4% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, the data include subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

country comparison to the world: 115

114.6% of GDP (2017 est.)

112.9% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: Singapore's public debt consists largely of Singapore Government Securities (SGS) issued to assist the Central Provident Fund (CPF), which administers Singapore's defined contribution pension fund; special issues of SGS are held by the CPF, and are non-tradable; the government has not borrowed to finance deficit expenditures since the 1980s; Singapore has no external public debt

country comparison to the world: 11

Fiscal year

calendar year

1 April - 31 March

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

1.9% (2017 est.)

-0.6% (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 87

0.9% (2017 est.)

-0.5% (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 33

Central bank discount rate

1.5% (31 December 2017 est.)

2% (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 123

1.17% (2016 est.)

1.21% (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 127

Commercial bank prime lending rate

4.8% (31 December 2017 est.)

4.74% (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 148

5.4% (31 December 2017 est.)

5.35% (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 136

Stock of narrow money

$255.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$195.1 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 21

$134.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$119.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 32

Stock of broad money

$374.2 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$300.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 30

$437.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$388.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 25

Stock of domestic credit

$413.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$336.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 31

$455.4 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$383.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 28

Market value of publicly traded shares

$261.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$277.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

$351.7 billion (31 December 2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 30

$654.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

$640 billion (31 December 2015 est.)

$752.8 billion (31 December 2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 17

Current account balance

$-4.958 billion (2017 est.)

$-959 million (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 175

$59.79 billion (2017 est.)

$56.5 billion (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 9

Exports

$221.4 billion (2017 est.)

$195.7 billion (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 26

$396.4 billion (2017 est.)

$361.6 billion (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 14

Exports - commodities

machinery and transport equipment 37.8%, intermediate manufactured goods 23.7%, miscellaneous manufactured goods 17.1%, food and live animals 7.6% (2012 est.)

machinery and equipment (including electronics and telecommunications), pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, refined petroleum products, foodstuffs and beverages

Exports - partners

Germany 27.3%, UK 6.6%, Czech Republic 6.6%, France 5.4%, Italy 4.8%, Netherlands 4.5% (2016)

China 12.8%, Hong Kong 12.6%, Malaysia 10.5%, Indonesia 7.8%, US 6.8%, Japan 4.5%, South Korea 4.4% (2016)

Imports

$221.8 billion (2017 est.)

$193.6 billion (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 21

$309.7 billion (2017 est.)

$278.8 billion (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 16

Imports - commodities

machinery and transport equipment 38%, intermediate manufactured goods 21%, chemicals 15%, minerals, fuels, lubricants, and related materials 9% (2011 est.)

machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Imports - partners

Germany 28.3%, China 7.9%, Netherlands 6%, Russia 5.8%, Italy 5.3%, France 4.2%, Czech Republic 4.1% (2016)

China 14.3%, Malaysia 11.4%, US 10.8%, Japan 7%, South Korea 6.1%, Indonesia 4.8% (2016)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$115 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$114.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 23

$266.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$246.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 12

Debt - external

$362 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$347.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 32

$482.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$504.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 26

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home

$235.7 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$224.5 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 27

$1.158 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)

$1.096 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 10

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad

$68.22 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$64.52 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 39

$725.9 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$682.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 15

Exchange rates

zlotych (PLN) per US dollar -

3.75 (2017 est.)

3.95 (2016 est.)

3.95 (2015 est.)

3.77 (2014 est.)

3.15 (2013 est.)

Singapore dollars (SGD) per US dollar -

1.39 (2017 est.)

1.38 (2016 est.)

1.38 (2015 est.)

1.37 (2014 est.)

1.27 (2013 est.)

Energy comparison between [Poland] and [Singapore]

Poland Singapore
Electricity access

electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

Electricity - production

152.1 billion kWh (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 27

47.48 billion kWh (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 55

Electricity - consumption

141.3 billion kWh (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 25

46.6 billion kWh (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 54

Electricity - exports

12.02 billion kWh (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 19

0 kWh (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 197

Electricity - imports

14.02 billion kWh (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 18

0 kWh (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 201

Electricity - installed generating capacity

37.32 million kW (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 29

13.28 million kW (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 53

Electricity - from fossil fuels

77.7% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 92

98.6% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 36

Electricity - from nuclear fuels

0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 164

0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 182

Electricity - from hydroelectric plants

1.6% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 142

0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 203

Electricity - from other renewable sources

18.8% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 34

1.9% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 124

Crude oil - production

20,100 bbl/day (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 68

0 bbl/day (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 194

Crude oil - exports

4,520 bbl/day (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 64

11,460 bbl/day (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 59

Crude oil - imports

490,300 bbl/day (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 19

831,300 bbl/day (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 13

Crude oil - proved reserves

137.8 million bbl (1 January 2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 69

0 bbl (1 January 2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 193

Refined petroleum products - production

557,700 bbl/day (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 30

955,500 bbl/day (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 22

Refined petroleum products - consumption

578,200 bbl/day (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 33

1.34 million bbl/day (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 17

Refined petroleum products - exports

135,000 bbl/day (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 38

1.718 million bbl/day (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 5

Refined petroleum products - imports

173,500 bbl/day (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 37

2.153 million bbl/day (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 3

Natural gas - production

6.132 billion cu m (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 48

0 cu m (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 194

Natural gas - consumption

26.78 billion cu m (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 39

19.73 billion cu m (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 43

Natural gas - exports

56 million cu m (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 50

250 million cu m (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 47

Natural gas - imports

12.12 billion cu m (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 25

12.37 billion cu m (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 24

Natural gas - proved reserves

81.66 billion cu m (1 January 2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 58

0 cu m (1 January 2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 195

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy

296 million Mt (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 22

205 million Mt (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 29

Communications comparison between [Poland] and [Singapore]

Poland Singapore
Telephones - fixed lines

total subscriptions: 8,143,145

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 24 (July 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 23

total subscriptions: 1,998,400

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 35 (July 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 59

Telephones - mobile cellular

total: 53,001,776

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 138 (July 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 28

total: 8,460,700

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 144 (July 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 96

Telephone system

general assessment: modernization of the telecommunications network has accelerated with market-based competition; fixed-line service, dominated by the former state-owned company, is dwarfed by the growth in mobile-cellular services

domestic: several nation-wide networks provide mobile-cellular service; coverage is generally good; fixed-line service lags in rural areas

international: country code - 48; international direct dialing with automated exchanges; satellite earth station - 1 with access to Intelsat, Eutelsat, Inmarsat, and Intersputnik (2015)

general assessment: excellent service

domestic: excellent domestic facilities; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity more than 180 telephones per 100 persons; multiple providers of high-speed Internet connectivity

international: country code - 65; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Asia, Australia, the Middle East, Europe, and US; satellite earth stations - 4; supplemented by VSAT coverage (2016)

Broadcast media

state-run public TV operates 2 national channels supplemented by 16 regional channels and several niche channels; privately owned entities operate several national TV networks and a number of special interest channels; many privately owned channels broadcasting locally; roughly half of all households are linked to either satellite or cable TV systems providing access to foreign television networks; state-run public radio operates 5 national networks and 17 regional radio stations; 2 privately owned national radio networks, several commercial stations broadcasting to multiple cities, and many privately owned local radio stations (2007)

state controls broadcast media; 7 domestic TV stations operated by MediaCorp which is wholly owned by a state investment company; broadcasts from Malaysian and Indonesian stations available; satellite dishes banned; multi-channel cable TV services available; a total of 18 domestic radio stations broadcasting, with MediaCorp operating 11, Singapore Press Holdings, also government-linked, another 5, and another 2 controlled by the Singapore Armed Forces Reservists Association; Malaysian and Indonesian radio stations are available as is BBC; a number of Internet service radio stations are also available

Internet country code

.pl

.sg

Internet users

total: 28,237,820

percent of population: 73.3% (July 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 28

total: 4,683,200

percent of population: 81.0% (July 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 81

Transportation comparison between [Poland] and [Singapore]

Poland Singapore
National air transport system

number of registered air carriers: 6

inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 92

annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 4,841,128

annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 120,016,466 mt-km (2015)

number of registered air carriers: 5

inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 197

annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 33,290,544

annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 6,154,365,275 mt-km (2015)

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

SP (2016)

9V (2016)

Airports

126 (2013)

country comparison to the world: 47

9 (2013)

country comparison to the world: 158

Airports - with paved runways

total: 87

over 3,047 m: 5

2,438 to 3,047 m: 30

1,524 to 2,437 m: 36

914 to 1,523 m: 10

under 914 m: 6 (2017)

total: 9

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2017)

Airports - with unpaved runways

total: 39

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 17

under 914 m: 21 (2013)

-
Heliports

6 (2013)

-
Pipelines

gas 14,198 km; oil 1,374 km; refined products 2,483 km (2016)

domestic gas 3,220 km (2014); cross-border pipelines 1,122 km (2017); refined products 8 km (2013)

Railways

total: 19,231 km

broad gauge: 395 km 1.524-m gauge

standard gauge: 18,836 km 1.435-m gauge (11,874 km electrified) (2016)

country comparison to the world: 15

-
Roadways

total: 420,000 km

paved: 291,000 km (includes 1,492 km of expressways, 1,559 of motorways)

unpaved: 129,000 km (2016)

country comparison to the world: 17

total: 3,496 km

paved: 3,496 km (includes 164 km of expressways) (2014)

country comparison to the world: 163

Waterways

3,997 km (navigable rivers and canals) (2009)

country comparison to the world: 27

-
Merchant marine

total: 152

by type: container ship 1, general cargo 13, oil tanker 7, other 131 (2017)

country comparison to the world: 73

total: 3,558

by type: bulk carrier 592, container ship 504, general cargo 134, oil tanker 722, other 1,606 (2017)

country comparison to the world: 6

Ports and terminals

major seaport(s): Gdansk, Gdynia, Swinoujscie

river port(s): Szczecin (River Oder)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Swinoujscie

major seaport(s): Singapore

container port(s) (TEUs): Singapore (30,922,000) (2015)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Singapore

Military comparison between [Poland] and [Singapore]

Poland Singapore
Military expenditures

1.99% of GDP (2017)

1.99% of GDP (2016)

2.14% of GDP (2015)

1.9% of GDP (2014)

1.77% of GDP (2013)

country comparison to the world: 49

3.35% of GDP (2016)

3.16% of GDP (2015)

3.11% of GDP (2014)

3.09% of GDP (2013)

3.17% of GDP (2012)

country comparison to the world: 24

Military branches

Polish Armed Forces: Land Forces, Navy, Air Force, Special Forces, Territorial Defense Force (2017)

note: Territorial Defense Force only began recruitment in winter 2016

Singapore Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force (includes Air Defense) (2013)

Military service age and obligation

18-28 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; conscription phased out in 2009-12; professional soldiers serve on a permanent basis (for an unspecified period of time) or on a contract basis (for a specified period of time); initial contract period is 18 months; women serve in the military on the same terms as men (2018)

18-21 years of age for male compulsory military service; 16 1/2 years of age for volunteers; 2-year conscript service obligation, with a reserve obligation to age 40 (enlisted) or age 50 (officers) (2012)

Maritime threats -

the International Maritime Bureau reports the territorial and offshore waters in the South China Sea as high risk for piracy and armed robbery against ships; numerous commercial vessels have been attacked and hijacked both at anchor and while underway; hijacked vessels are often disguised and cargo diverted to ports in East Asia; crews have been murdered or cast adrift; in the Singapore Straits there were nine attacks against commercial vessels in 2015, declining to only two attacks in 2016

Transnational comparison between [Poland] and [Singapore]

Poland Singapore
Disputes - international

as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Poland has implemented the strict Schengen border rules to restrict illegal immigration and trade along its eastern borders with Belarus and Ukraine

disputes persist with Malaysia over each country’s extensive land reclamation works, bridge construction, and maritime boundaries in the Johor and Singapore Straits; in 2008, ICJ awarded sovereignty of Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh/Horsburgh Island) to Singapore, and Middle Rocks to Malaysia, but did not rule on maritime regimes, boundaries, or disposition of South Ledge; in 2017, Malaysia filed a challenge to the 2008 ruling and applied for ownership of South Ledge; piracy remains a problem in the Malacca Strait

Refugees and internally displaced persons

refugees (country of origin): 71,302 applicants for forms of legal stay other than asylum (Ukraine) (2015); 9,864 (Russia) (2016)

stateless persons: 10,825 (2016)

-
Illicit drugs

despite diligent counternarcotics measures and international information sharing on cross-border crimes, a major illicit producer of synthetic drugs for the international market; minor transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and Latin American cocaine to Western Europe

drug abuse limited because of aggressive law enforcement efforts, including carrying out death sentences; as a transportation and financial services hub, Singapore is vulnerable, despite strict laws and enforcement, as a venue for money laundering

PLN to SGD Historical Rates

year by month
PLN to SGD in 2023 PLN to SGD in 2023-06  PLN to SGD in 2023-05  PLN to SGD in 2023-04  PLN to SGD in 2023-03  PLN to SGD in 2023-02  PLN to SGD in 2023-01 
PLN to SGD in 2022 PLN to SGD in 2022-12  PLN to SGD in 2022-11  PLN to SGD in 2022-10  PLN to SGD in 2022-09  PLN to SGD in 2022-08  PLN to SGD in 2022-07  PLN to SGD in 2022-06  PLN to SGD in 2022-05  PLN to SGD in 2022-04  PLN to SGD in 2022-03  PLN to SGD in 2022-02  PLN to SGD in 2022-01 
PLN to SGD in 2021 PLN to SGD in 2021-12  PLN to SGD in 2021-11  PLN to SGD in 2021-10  PLN to SGD in 2021-09  PLN to SGD in 2021-08  PLN to SGD in 2021-07  PLN to SGD in 2021-06  PLN to SGD in 2021-05  PLN to SGD in 2021-04  PLN to SGD in 2021-03  PLN to SGD in 2021-02  PLN to SGD in 2021-01 
PLN to SGD in 2020 PLN to SGD in 2020-12  PLN to SGD in 2020-11  PLN to SGD in 2020-10  PLN to SGD in 2020-09  PLN to SGD in 2020-08  PLN to SGD in 2020-07  PLN to SGD in 2020-06  PLN to SGD in 2020-05  PLN to SGD in 2020-04  PLN to SGD in 2020-03  PLN to SGD in 2020-02  PLN to SGD in 2020-01 
PLN to SGD in 2019 PLN to SGD in 2019-12  PLN to SGD in 2019-11  PLN to SGD in 2019-10  PLN to SGD in 2019-09  PLN to SGD in 2019-08  PLN to SGD in 2019-07  PLN to SGD in 2019-06  PLN to SGD in 2019-05  PLN to SGD in 2019-04  PLN to SGD in 2019-03  PLN to SGD in 2019-02  PLN to SGD in 2019-01 
PLN to SGD in 2018 PLN to SGD in 2018-12  PLN to SGD in 2018-11  PLN to SGD in 2018-10  PLN to SGD in 2018-09  PLN to SGD in 2018-08  PLN to SGD in 2018-07  PLN to SGD in 2018-06  PLN to SGD in 2018-05  PLN to SGD in 2018-04  PLN to SGD in 2018-03  PLN to SGD in 2018-02  PLN to SGD in 2018-01 
PLN to SGD in 2017 PLN to SGD in 2017-12  PLN to SGD in 2017-11  PLN to SGD in 2017-10  PLN to SGD in 2017-09  PLN to SGD in 2017-08  PLN to SGD in 2017-07  PLN to SGD in 2017-06  PLN to SGD in 2017-05  PLN to SGD in 2017-04  PLN to SGD in 2017-03  PLN to SGD in 2017-02  PLN to SGD in 2017-01 
PLN to SGD in 2016 PLN to SGD in 2016-12  PLN to SGD in 2016-11  PLN to SGD in 2016-10  PLN to SGD in 2016-09  PLN to SGD in 2016-08  PLN to SGD in 2016-07  PLN to SGD in 2016-06  PLN to SGD in 2016-05  PLN to SGD in 2016-04  PLN to SGD in 2016-03  PLN to SGD in 2016-02  PLN to SGD in 2016-01 
PLN to SGD in 2015 PLN to SGD in 2015-12  PLN to SGD in 2015-11  PLN to SGD in 2015-10  PLN to SGD in 2015-09  PLN to SGD in 2015-08  PLN to SGD in 2015-07  PLN to SGD in 2015-06  PLN to SGD in 2015-05  PLN to SGD in 2015-04  PLN to SGD in 2015-03  PLN to SGD in 2015-02  PLN to SGD in 2015-01 
PLN to SGD in 2014 PLN to SGD in 2014-12  PLN to SGD in 2014-11  PLN to SGD in 2014-10  PLN to SGD in 2014-09  PLN to SGD in 2014-08  PLN to SGD in 2014-07  PLN to SGD in 2014-06  PLN to SGD in 2014-05  PLN to SGD in 2014-04  PLN to SGD in 2014-03  PLN to SGD in 2014-02  PLN to SGD in 2014-01 
PLN to SGD in 2013 PLN to SGD in 2013-12  PLN to SGD in 2013-11  PLN to SGD in 2013-10  PLN to SGD in 2013-09  PLN to SGD in 2013-08  PLN to SGD in 2013-07  PLN to SGD in 2013-06  PLN to SGD in 2013-05  PLN to SGD in 2013-04  PLN to SGD in 2013-03  PLN to SGD in 2013-02  PLN to SGD in 2013-01 
PLN to SGD in 2012 PLN to SGD in 2012-12  PLN to SGD in 2012-11  PLN to SGD in 2012-10  PLN to SGD in 2012-09  PLN to SGD in 2012-08  PLN to SGD in 2012-07  PLN to SGD in 2012-06  PLN to SGD in 2012-05  PLN to SGD in 2012-04  PLN to SGD in 2012-03  PLN to SGD in 2012-02  PLN to SGD in 2012-01 
PLN to SGD in 2011 PLN to SGD in 2011-12  PLN to SGD in 2011-11  PLN to SGD in 2011-10  PLN to SGD in 2011-09  PLN to SGD in 2011-08  PLN to SGD in 2011-07  PLN to SGD in 2011-06  PLN to SGD in 2011-05  PLN to SGD in 2011-04  PLN to SGD in 2011-03  PLN to SGD in 2011-02  PLN to SGD in 2011-01 
PLN to SGD in 2010 PLN to SGD in 2010-12  PLN to SGD in 2010-11  PLN to SGD in 2010-10  PLN to SGD in 2010-09  PLN to SGD in 2010-08  PLN to SGD in 2010-07  PLN to SGD in 2010-06  PLN to SGD in 2010-05  PLN to SGD in 2010-04  PLN to SGD in 2010-03  PLN to SGD in 2010-02  PLN to SGD in 2010-01 
PLN to SGD in 2009 PLN to SGD in 2009-12  PLN to SGD in 2009-11  PLN to SGD in 2009-10  PLN to SGD in 2009-09  PLN to SGD in 2009-08  PLN to SGD in 2009-07  PLN to SGD in 2009-06  PLN to SGD in 2009-05  PLN to SGD in 2009-04  PLN to SGD in 2009-03  PLN to SGD in 2009-02  PLN to SGD in 2009-01 
PLN to SGD in 2008 PLN to SGD in 2008-12  PLN to SGD in 2008-11  PLN to SGD in 2008-10  PLN to SGD in 2008-09  PLN to SGD in 2008-08  PLN to SGD in 2008-07  PLN to SGD in 2008-06  PLN to SGD in 2008-05  PLN to SGD in 2008-04  PLN to SGD in 2008-03  PLN to SGD in 2008-02  PLN to SGD in 2008-01 
PLN to SGD in 2007 PLN to SGD in 2007-12  PLN to SGD in 2007-11  PLN to SGD in 2007-10  PLN to SGD in 2007-09  PLN to SGD in 2007-08  PLN to SGD in 2007-07  PLN to SGD in 2007-06  PLN to SGD in 2007-05  PLN to SGD in 2007-04  PLN to SGD in 2007-03  PLN to SGD in 2007-02  PLN to SGD in 2007-01 
PLN to SGD in 2006 PLN to SGD in 2006-12  PLN to SGD in 2006-11  PLN to SGD in 2006-10  PLN to SGD in 2006-09  PLN to SGD in 2006-08  PLN to SGD in 2006-07  PLN to SGD in 2006-06  PLN to SGD in 2006-05  PLN to SGD in 2006-04  PLN to SGD in 2006-03  PLN to SGD in 2006-02  PLN to SGD in 2006-01 
PLN to SGD in 2005 PLN to SGD in 2005-12  PLN to SGD in 2005-11  PLN to SGD in 2005-10  PLN to SGD in 2005-09  PLN to SGD in 2005-08  PLN to SGD in 2005-07  PLN to SGD in 2005-06  PLN to SGD in 2005-05  PLN to SGD in 2005-04  PLN to SGD in 2005-03  PLN to SGD in 2005-02  PLN to SGD in 2005-01 
PLN to SGD in 2004 PLN to SGD in 2004-12  PLN to SGD in 2004-11  PLN to SGD in 2004-10  PLN to SGD in 2004-09  PLN to SGD in 2004-08  PLN to SGD in 2004-07  PLN to SGD in 2004-06  PLN to SGD in 2004-05  PLN to SGD in 2004-04  PLN to SGD in 2004-03  PLN to SGD in 2004-02  PLN to SGD in 2004-01 
PLN to SGD in 2003 PLN to SGD in 2003-12  PLN to SGD in 2003-11  PLN to SGD in 2003-10  PLN to SGD in 2003-09  PLN to SGD in 2003-08  PLN to SGD in 2003-07  PLN to SGD in 2003-06  PLN to SGD in 2003-05  PLN to SGD in 2003-04  PLN to SGD in 2003-03  PLN to SGD in 2003-02  PLN to SGD in 2003-01 
PLN to SGD in 2002 PLN to SGD in 2002-12  PLN to SGD in 2002-11  PLN to SGD in 2002-10  PLN to SGD in 2002-09  PLN to SGD in 2002-08  PLN to SGD in 2002-07  PLN to SGD in 2002-06  PLN to SGD in 2002-05  PLN to SGD in 2002-04  PLN to SGD in 2002-03  PLN to SGD in 2002-02  PLN to SGD in 2002-01 
PLN to SGD in 2001 PLN to SGD in 2001-12  PLN to SGD in 2001-11  PLN to SGD in 2001-10  PLN to SGD in 2001-09  PLN to SGD in 2001-08  PLN to SGD in 2001-07  PLN to SGD in 2001-06  PLN to SGD in 2001-05  PLN to SGD in 2001-04  PLN to SGD in 2001-03  PLN to SGD in 2001-02  PLN to SGD in 2001-01 
PLN to SGD in 2000 PLN to SGD in 2000-12  PLN to SGD in 2000-11  PLN to SGD in 2000-10  PLN to SGD in 2000-09  PLN to SGD in 2000-08  PLN to SGD in 2000-07  PLN to SGD in 2000-06  PLN to SGD in 2000-05  PLN to SGD in 2000-04  PLN to SGD in 2000-03  PLN to SGD in 2000-02  PLN to SGD in 2000-01 

All PLN Exchange Rates Now

Exchange Rate Exchange Rate Exchange Rate
PLN to AED rate 0.88421 ▼ PLN to ALL rate 23.94767 ▲ PLN to ANG rate 0.4322 ▼
PLN to ARS rate 58.89538 ▼ PLN to AUD rate 0.35886 ▼ PLN to AWG rate 0.43377 ▼
PLN to BBD rate 0.48197 ▼ PLN to BDT rate 25.96171 ▼ PLN to BGN rate 0.43733 ▼
PLN to BHD rate 0.09085 ▼ PLN to BIF rate 680.35905 ▼ PLN to BMD rate 0.24098 ▼
PLN to BND rate 0.32467 ▼ PLN to BOB rate 1.66498 ▼ PLN to BRL rate 1.18662 ▼
PLN to BSD rate 0.24098 ▼ PLN to BTN rate 19.89418 ▼ PLN to BZD rate 0.48339 ▼
PLN to CAD rate 0.3215 ▼ PLN to CHF rate 0.21665 ▼ PLN to CLP rate 190.16676 ▲
PLN to CNY rate 1.71674 ▲ PLN to COP rate 1013.69973 ▲ PLN to CRC rate 128.78216 ▼
PLN to CZK rate 5.29322 ▲ PLN to DKK rate 1.66639 ▲ PLN to DOP rate 13.14866 ▼
PLN to DZD rate 32.85024 ▲ PLN to EGP rate 7.45673 ▼ PLN to ETB rate 13.10705 ▼
PLN to EUR rate 0.2236 ▲ PLN to FJD rate 0.53613 ▼ PLN to GBP rate 0.19194 ▼
PLN to GMD rate 14.32643 ▼ PLN to GNF rate 2085.70613 ▼ PLN to GTQ rate 1.87787 ▼
PLN to HKD rate 1.8886 ▼ PLN to HNL rate 5.95469 ▲ PLN to HRK rate 1.68486 ▲
PLN to HTG rate 33.45404 ▼ PLN to HUF rate 82.45452 ▼ PLN to IDR rate 3575.94374 ▼
PLN to ILS rate 0.87811 ▼ PLN to INR rate 19.86433 ▼ PLN to IQD rate 313.93143 ▼
PLN to IRR rate 10183.02943 ▼ PLN to ISK rate 33.43395 ▲ PLN to JMD rate 37.33168 ▼
PLN to JOD rate 0.17095 ▼ PLN to JPY rate 33.6102 ▲ PLN to KES rate 33.55685 ▼
PLN to KMF rate 110.97256 ▼ PLN to KRW rate 311.18629 ▼ PLN to KWD rate 0.07407 ▼
PLN to KYD rate 0.19986 ▼ PLN to KZT rate 107.01164 ▼ PLN to LBP rate 3678.60244 ▼
PLN to LKR rate 70.87011 ▲ PLN to LSL rate 4.54712 ▼ PLN to MAD rate 2.44534 ▼
PLN to MDL rate 4.28188 ▼ PLN to MKD rate 13.83366 ▼ PLN to MNT rate 848.01847 ▼
PLN to MOP rate 1.94518 ▼ PLN to MUR rate 10.92857 ▼ PLN to MVR rate 3.7015 ▼
PLN to MWK rate 246.16139 ▼ PLN to MXN rate 4.18103 ▼ PLN to MYR rate 1.11141 ▼
PLN to NAD rate 4.54072 ▼ PLN to NGN rate 110.72337 ▼ PLN to NIO rate 8.80792 ▼
PLN to NOK rate 2.60772 ▼ PLN to NPR rate 31.83153 ▼ PLN to NZD rate 0.39519 ▼
PLN to OMR rate 0.09278 ▼ PLN to PAB rate 0.24098 ▼ PLN to PEN rate 0.87926 ▼
PLN to PGK rate 0.84946 ▼ PLN to PHP rate 13.49588 ▼ PLN to PKR rate 69.19821 ▼
PLN to PYG rate 1732.80223 ▼ PLN to QAR rate 0.87744 ▼ PLN to RON rate 1.1078 ▲
PLN to RUB rate 19.95579 ▲ PLN to RWF rate 273.04216 ▼ PLN to SAR rate 0.9036 ▼
PLN to SBD rate 2.00925 ▲ PLN to SCR rate 3.17842 ▼ PLN to SEK rate 2.60115 ▼
PLN to SGD rate 0.32338 ▼ PLN to SLL rate 4256.96116 ▼ PLN to SVC rate 2.0985 ▼
PLN to SZL rate 4.54354 ▼ PLN to THB rate 8.33048 ▼ PLN to TND rate 0.74765 ▼
PLN to TOP rate 0.5707 ▼ PLN to TRY rate 5.66359 ▲ PLN to TTD rate 1.63286 ▼
PLN to TWD rate 7.40764 ▲ PLN to TZS rate 572.33415 ▼ PLN to UAH rate 8.85564 ▼
PLN to UGX rate 896.96374 ▼ PLN to USD rate 0.24093 ▼ PLN to UYU rate 9.39106 ▼
PLN to VUV rate 28.67189 ▼ PLN to WST rate 0.6568 ▼ PLN to XAF rate 146.70047 ▲
PLN to XCD rate 0.65127 ▼ PLN to XOF rate 146.70047 ▲ PLN to XPF rate 26.68776 ▲
PLN to YER rate 60.31801 ▼ PLN to ZAR rate 4.54111 ▼

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